Abstract 081: Reporter Mouse Strain Provides a Novel Look at Angiotensin Type-2 Receptor Distribution in Central Nervous System Cardiovascular Control Centers
It is established that angiotensin-II acts at its type-1 receptor (AT1R) in the brain to increase sympathetic outflow and blood pressure, and modulate fluid balance. However, the role of the angiotensin type-2 receptor (AT2R) in the neural control of these processes has received far less attention, largely because of an inability to effectively localize these receptors at a cellular level in the brain. The present studies combine the use of a bacterial artificial chromosome transgenic AT2R-eGFP reporter mouse with recent advances in in situ hybridization (ISH) to circumvent this obstacle. Dual IHC/ ISH studies validated the AT2R-eGFP reporter mice by determining that eGFP and AT2R mRNA were highly co-localized within the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS; 98.0 ± 0.18 %; 125 ± 3.6 of 127 ± 3.9 cells; n = 4). Analysis of eGFP immunoreactivity in the brain revealed localization to neurons within nuclei that regulate blood pressure and fluid balance (e.g., NTS and median preoptic nucleus [MnPO]). Additional IHC/ISH studies uncovered the phenotype of specific AT2R-eGFP cells. For example, within the NTS, AT2R-eGFP neurons primarily express glutamic acid decarboxylase-67 (GABAergic; 80 ± 2.8 %; 225 ± 12.5 of 280 ± 8.4 cells; n = 4), while only a subset express vesicular glutamate transporter-2 (glutamatergic; 18.2 ± 2.9 %; 50.8 ± 7.7 of 280 ± 8.4 cells) or AT1R (8.7 ± 1.0 %; 22 ± 2.2 of 256 ± 11.7 cells). No co-localization was observed with tyrosine hydroxylase in the NTS. Although AT2R-eGFP neurons were not observed within the paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus (PVN), eGFP was localized to efferents terminating in the PVN and to GABAergic neurons surrounding this nucleus. Retrograde neuronal tract tracing studies revealed that many eGFP-positive efferents to the PVN arise from neurons in the MnPO. Based on these neuroanatomical results, we hypothesized that activation of central AT2R would decrease blood pressure. Consistent with this hypothesis, chronic administration of the selective AT2R agonist, compound 21 (7.5 ng/h into the lateral cerebral ventricle) reduced baseline mean arterial blood pressure relative to control mice (103 ± 1.65 v. 110 ± 1.70 mmHg; n = 16; p = 0.02). These studies demonstrate that central AT2R are positioned to regulate blood pressure.
Author Disclosures: A.D. de Kloet: None. L. Wang: None. J.A. Ludin: None. H. Hiller: None. J.A. Smith: None. D.J. Pioquinto: None. D.A. Scheuer: None. U. Steckelings: None. E.G. Krause: None. C. Sumners: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.