Abstract 268: The Increased Visceral Fat Thickness In Nafld Patients Enhances The Risk Of Coronary Artery Stenosis
Background: Non alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an independent risk factor of cardiovascular disease (CVD). In this research, we want exploring the relationship between NAFLD, visceral fat thickness and the severity of coronary artery disease.
Methods: 1, The relationship between NAFLD, visceral fat thickness and severity of coronary heart disease(323 people).
2, The correlation between severe NAFLD and visceral fat thickness in the severe stenosis of coronary heart disease(197 people).
Results: 1, the proportion of NAFLD was significantly increased by 16% and 19% in different coronary artery stenosis than in the normal group. Along with the increasing degree of coronary artery stenosis, the total visceral fat thickness increase, especially the epicardial layer (the moderate stenosis increased by 23% and the severe stenosis increased by 54% than without stenosis).
2, In the severe coronary artery stenosis group, the patients were divided into NAFLD group and non NAFLD group. compared to non NAFLD group, the epicardial, liver, renal, before the perirenal fat and the coronary score significantly increased in the NAFLD group (10%, 22%, 32%, 36% and 27%, respectively) .Along with the increase of coronary score , the epicardial fat thickness was increased significantly (16% and 34%, respectively) in the non NAFLD group; but the epicardial thickness of the NAFLD group was slightly increased (8% and 8%, respectively), there was no significant difference among the subgroups. Furthermore,not only in NAFLD group but also in non NAFLD group, the visceral fat thickness of the other three sections have no significant change among the three subgroups.
Conclusion: Both the NAFLD and the epicardial adipose layer thickening can increase the risk of coronary artery stenosis. In the patients with the severe coronary artery stenosis, the NAFLD patients are more likely to increase the accumulation of the visceral fat thickness than the non NAFLD patients. Under the same thickness of the epicardium, the degree of coronary artery lesions is lighter in the NAFLD patients; it may be related to AMPK wich may have the myocardial protective effects.
Author Disclosures: P.Y. Cao: None. H. Cai: None. M. Liu: None. X.Y. Zhang: None. S. Yu: None. Y. Zheng: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.