Abstract 277: Nox Isoforms, Oxidative Stress, Inflammation And Fibrosis In Adipose Tissue In Obese Mice: Differential Regulation In Epididymal, Perirenal And Perivascular Depots.
Adipose tissue inflammation and fibrosis contribute to cardiovascular complications observed in obese patients. Mechanisms related to these deleterious effects are still elusive. Here, we evaluated the oxidative, fibrotic and inflammatory status of obese mice and the putative role of NADPH oxidases. Epididymal (EP), perivascular (PV) and peri-renal (PR) fat were collected from lean (db/m) and obese (db/db) mice. Gene expression was assessed by qPCR, fibrosis by picro Sirius red staining and polarized light microscopy, oxidative stress by Amplex Red (H2O2) and TBARS. In EP fat, white adipose tissue, increased levels of TBARS (56%), CD206 mRNA (macrophage marker - 106%) and fibrosis (300%) were observed in obese mice (p<0.05 vs lean). Similar findings were found in PR adipose tissue, where H2O2 (65%), TBARS (50%), and macrophage infiltration (F4/80 mRNA - 578%) levels were increased (p<0.05 vs lean). In PV fat, mix of white and brown adipose tissue, H2O2 (42%, p<0.05) levels, but not TBARS, were increased. Inflammatory marker mRNA levels such as, CD206 (120%), F4/80 (550%), TNFα (206%), iNOS (46%), as well as collagen 6a (marker of fibrosis), were increased in PV from obese animals (p<0.05 vs lean). Treatment of obese mice with GKT137831 (GKT, Nox1/4 inhibitor, 16 weeks) did not decrease inflammation/fibrosis in EV fat and increased mRNA levels of inflammatory markers in PR adipose depot. GKT decreased mRNA levels of pro-inflammatory markers, followed by an increase in mRNA levels of anti-inflammatory markers, in PV fat. Levels of Nox2 (EP: 1936%, PR: 336%, PV: 358%, p<0.05 vs lean), but not Nox1 or Nox4, were increased in all types of fat; an effect not changed by GKT treatment. In conclusion, oxidative stress is increased in fat from obese animals and may play a role in obesity-associated adipose tissue inflammation and fibrosis. Our data also suggests that Nox1/4 influence adipose inflammation and fibrosis in an adipose tissue-specific manner, with effects being pro-inflammatory in PR fat and anti-inflammatory in PV fat. These phenomena are associated with upregulation of Nox2, possibly due to increased Nox2-containing macrophages. Our findings highlight an important role for Nox isoforms in perivascular adipocyte tissue inflammation/fibrosis in obesity.
Author Disclosures: S.E.L. Even: None. A.C. Montezano: None. F.J. Rios: None. A. Nguyen Dinh Cat: None. A. Carswell: None. Y. He: None. T.T. Antunes: None. G.E. Callera: None. K. Jandeleit-Dahm: None. M. Cooper: None. C. Szyndralewiez: A. Employment; Modest; Employed by Genkyotex. P. Page: A. Employment; Modest; Employed by Genkyotex. R.M. Touyz: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.