Abstract 278: The Glucocorticoid Receptor Antagonist RU486 Ameliorates Cold Stress-induced Exacerbation of Cardiac and Adipose Tissue Pathology and Metabolic Disorders in a Rat Model of Metabolic Syndrome
Introduction: Chronic stress, when combined with hyperphagia, can affect adiposity and metabolism. However, few studies have reported the effects of cold stress on cardiovascular and metabolic disorders in metabolic syndrome (MetS). We investigated the effects of chronic cold stress and glucocorticoid receptor (GR) blockade on cardiac and adipose tissue pathology and gene expression and on glucose and lipid metabolism in a rat model of MetS.
Methods and Results: We used DahlS.Z-Leprfa/Leprfa (DS/obese) rats which are derived from a cross between Dahl salt-sensitive and Zucker rats and represent a new animal model of MetS. DS/obese rats were exposed to cold stress (ice-cold water, 1 cm depth, 2 h/day) for 4 weeks beginning at 9 weeks of age with or without the GR antagonist RU486 (2 mg/kg/day, sc). Age-matched homozygous lean (DahlS.Z-Lepr+/Lepr+, or DS/lean) littermates of DS/obese rats served as controls. Chronic cold stress exacerbated hypertension as well as left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy, fibrosis and diastolic dysfunction, in a manner sensitive to RU486. Cold stress and RU486 did not affect body weight or visceral and subcutaneous fat mass. In contrast, cold stress further increased superoxide production and NADPH oxidase activity in the heart as well as macrophage infiltration and the expression of proinflammatory genes in LV and visceral fat tissue. RU486 treatment inhibited these changes in gene expression, as well as cardiac oxidative stress and inflammation and adipose tissue inflammation. Cold stress further up-regulated cardiac renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system gene expression as well as the expression of GR and 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 genes in LV and visceral adipose tissue, and all of these effects were attenuated by RU486. In addition, RU486 ameliorated the stress-induced deterioration of dyslipidemia (elevations in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, and free fatty acid) as well as that of glucose intolerance and insulin resistance.
Conclusions: The present results indicate that GRs may be involved in cold stress-induced exacerbation of cardiac and adipose tissue pathology as well as that of glucose and lipid metabolism in a rat model of MetS.
Author Disclosures: K. Nagasawa: None. N. Matsuura: None. Y. Minagawa: None. S. Ito: None. Y. Sano: None. T. Hattori: None. Y. Yamada: None. S. Watanabe: None. T. Murohara: None. K. Nagata: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.