Abstract 298: Protective Role of Endogenous 20-HETE in Renal Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury
The present study compared renal ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury in Dahl salt-sensitive (SS) rats that have a deficiency in the renal formation of 20-HETE versus CYP4A1 transgenic SS (SS.4A1) rats in which the renal production of 20-HETE is restored. The concentrations of free 20-HETE in the renal cortex and outer medulla were significantly greater in SS.4A1 than in SS rats. Renal 20-HETE levels rose to a greater extent in SS.4A1 than in SS rats following renal IR. Plasma creatinine level rose to 3.7 ± 0.1 in SS versus 1.8 ± 0.3 mg/dl in SS.4A1 rats (respectively, n=6) following 30 min of ischemia and 24 h reperfusion. The % of necrotic tubules and apoptotic cells were 4-fold higher in SS than in SS.4A1 rats. Administration of the 20-HETE synthesis inhibitor (HET0016, 10 mg/kg) abolished the resistance of SS.4A1 rats to renal IR injury and plasma creatinine level rose to 3.8 ± 0.1 mg/dl (n=6). Cortical blood flow in SS, SS.4A1 and HET0016 treated SS.4A1 rats immediately returned to control following IR. However, medullary blood flow in SS and HET0016 treated SS.4A1 rats fell to 30 % of control 3 h after IR (n=5), and it remained depressed for 24 h. In contrast, medullary blood flow did not decline following IR in SS.4A1 rats. Proximal intratubular pressure rose from 13 to approximately 40 mmHg, 2 h after IR in both SS and SS.4A1 rats. Proximal intratubular pressure remained much higher in SS than in SS.4A1 rats 24 h after IR (32 vs 19 mmHg). These data indicate that normalization of renal CYP4A activity and 20-HETE production opposes renal IR injury by preventing secondary fall in medullary blood flow and the prolonged renal medullary ischemia.
Author Disclosures: Y. Muroya: None. F. Fan: None. H. Jacob: None. A. Geurts: None. R. Roman: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.