Abstract 309: Sp-3 But not the NF-kB Transcription Factor Causes the Up-regulation of Angiotensin Type 1 Receptor Expression and Contributes to Hypertension in Aging FBN rats.
We recently reported that age-associated oxidative stress is causal to higher renal angiotensin Type 1 (AT1) receptor function and hypertension in aged Fisher 344 X Brown Norway (FBN) rats. We became interested in examining the mechanism of higher AT1 receptor function in the aging kidneys. Adult (3-month) and aging (21 month) FBN rats were subjected to conscious blood pressure measurement by telemetry approach. The levels of AT1 receptor mRNA in the kidney cortex was measured by qRT-PCR while nuclear Sp-3 and NF-kB-p65 redox-sensitive transcription factors were determined by western blotting. We found that blood pressure was higher in aged than in adult rats (adult vs. old: 110±1 vs. 130±1 mmHg) which was associated with higher AT1 receptor mRNA levels (adult vs. old: 1.51±0.72 vs. 7.86±1.03 DU), and nuclear levels of both Sp-3 (adult vs. old: 0.56±.01 vs. 1.54±.02 DU) and NF-kB-p65 (adult vs. old: 0.9±.01 vs. 1.5±0.01 DU). To further delineate whether sp-3 or NF-kB-p65 or both transcription factors are responsible for the up-regulation of AT1 receptor, human kidney (HK2) cells were transfected with Sp-3 and NF-kB-p65 plasmids. We found that Sp-3 plasmid but not NF-κB-p65 plasmid transfection caused an increase in the levels of AT1 receptor protein in HK2 cells (control vs. transfected: 135±22 vs. 235±10 DU). Furthermore, Sp-3 siRNA treatment resulted in the reduction of Sp-3 (control vs. transfected: 136±10 vs. 93±21 DU) and AT1 receptor protein levels (control vs. transfected: 270±38 vs. 172±201 DU) in HK2 cells. Our results suggest that sp-3 but not the NF-κB-p65 is involved in the up-regulation of renal AT1 receptor that may be contributing to hypertension in aging FBN rats.
Author Disclosures: M. Saleem: None. M. Asghar: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.