Abstract 408: Hyperglycemia Increases the Prorenin Receptor in the Plasma Membrane of Collecting Duct Cells in Rats with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
In type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) there is increased prorenin secretion by the principal cells of the collecting duct. Binding of prorenin to prorenin receptor (PRR) on intercalated cells increases its catalytic activity, increases local angiotensin (Ang) II formation, and stimulates intracellular MAPK signaling responsible for inflammation and tissue fibrosis. Thus, changes in the amount of membrane bound PRR may be a key factor in stimulating these pathways. However, it has not been established that activation of PRR in the collecting duct contributes to increased intrarenal Ang II and tubulointerstitial inflammation via stimulation of inflammatory pathways including transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β). This study tested the hypothesis that hyperglycemia increases the PRR abundance at the plasma membrane (PM) in the collecting duct cells, thus allowing greater capability to be activated by locally produced prorenin. Streptozotocin (STZ; 60 mg/kg; ip single dose) was used to induce T1DM in Sprague-Dawley rats (N=10) and compared to control rats (N=8). After 7-days induction, STZ-rats showed plasma glucose levels of 428±13 vs. 138±9 mg/dL and insulin of 0.05±0.02 vs. 2.4±0.6 ng/mL, compared to control. Although PRR transcript in the renal medulla were not different between groups; PRR localized predominantly on the apical aspects of collecting duct cells in STZ-induced rats; while in controls it was primarily found intracellularlly. These changes were accompanied by greater levels of active renin and Ang II in the urine and increased TGF-β mRNA levels in the renal medulla of STZ-rats (Renin: 186± 34 vs. 6± 3 ng Ang I/mL/h; P<0.01; Ang II: 884± 147 vs. 42± 14 fmol/h; P<0.05; TGF-β: 1.22 ± 0.06 vs. 0.97 ± 0.03 mRNA ratio; P<0.01). To further assess if hyperglycemia induced in vitro PRR trafficking alterations, collecting duct M-1 cells were treated with normal glucose (NG; 1mM glucose + 1 mM mannitol) and high glucose (HG; 4mM) for 5, 60, and 360 min. PRR protein levels were higher in the PM fractions in cells treated with HG, compared to cells treated with NG. Thus, hyperglycemia increases PRR abundance in the PM of the collecting duct and stimulates TGF-β synthesis in the renal medulla which may underlie the development of tubulointerstitial inflammation.
Author Disclosures: M.C. Prieto: None. D.Y. Arita: None. C.T. Bourgeois: None. R. Satou: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.