Abstract 442: Cardiomyocyte Specific mTORC1 Deletion Precipitates Interstitial Fibrosis, Heart Failure And Loss Of Female Cardio Protection
Mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) kinase operates in two functionally and structurally distinct multiprotein complexes mTORC1 and mTORC2. mTORC1 including its defining raptor protein is a critical mediator of myocardial growth. We induced cardiomyocyte specific raptor-KO (cKO) deletion to investigate a sex specific role of mTORC1 during cardiac adaptation in normotensive DOCA-salt mice. Untypical for this mild cardiac stress model, raptor-cKO females had sharper decrease in EF (51 vs. 26%) than males (50 vs. 32%) already at 3 weeks after start of DOCA-salt challenge. Male raptor-cKO mice mounted eccentric hypertrophic response upon DOCA-salt indicated by heart weight/tibia length ratios (6.7 to 8.0) as compared to their WT litters (6.6 to 7.6). In contrast female raptor-cKO (5.8 to 6.4) minimally differed from their litters (5.8 to 6.6). Severe dilative phenotype was detected in both sexes regardless of DOCA-salt challenge. In addition, we found tremendous diffuse left ventricular fibrosis which was also more prominent in raptor-cKO females. Collagen depositions in the LV visualized by Sirius red staining increased 10fold in males (1.0 to 10.6%) and 15fold in females (0.9 to 15.7%), respectively. Expression of raptor protein in the heart was diminished by 80% in raptor cKO mice of both sexes what lead to similar extent of decreased activity of direct mTORC1 downstream targets phospho-S6 ribosomal protein and phospho-4E-BP1Ser65 (68% reduction in males vs. 61% in females. Over-compensatory mTORC2 activation in cKO animals via phospho-AKTSer473 (12fold increase) and induction of anti-apoptotic signaling was similar in both sexes. However, raptor-cKO females failed to up-regulate expression of mitochondrial genes such as Mtnd1 (ND1), mt-Co1 (COX1) and Atp5i (ATP5k), stressing sex differences in mTORC1 dependent mitochondrial adaptation. In addition, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) points towards structural alterations of mitochondrial morphology.
Intact mTORC1 function is important for myocardial adaptation in both sexes. More severe phenotype in females further implicates mTORC1 to be essential for intrinsic female cardio protection.
Author Disclosures: D. Guergen: None. A. Kusch: None. N. Kauz: None. R.A. Catar: None. M. Brink: None. D. Dragun: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.