Abstract 475: Vasopressin Type 2 Receptor (v2r) Activation Increases Renin Expression In Renal Collecting Duct Cells.
Renin synthesis in juxtaglomerular cells (JGC) is mediated by intracellular cAMP accumulation and activation of PKA/CREB pathway. Recent evidence demonstrated that renin is expressed in renal collecting duct (CD) cells. Furthermore, it has been shown that CD renin is augmented in animal models of hypertension and kidney disease, despite the suppressed expression observed in JGC. Vasopressin activates V2R stimulating cAMP/PKA/CREB pathway and aquaporin-2 expression in apical plasma membrane of principal cells of the CD. We hypothesized that activation of V2R increases renin expression in mouse CD cell line M-1 through cAMP/PKA/CREB pathway. Desmopressin (ddAVP, 10-6 mol/L, 6 hrs), a specific V2R agonist, increased renin mRNA, prorenin protein levels in cell lysates and prorenin secretion to the culture media. To determine if this effect was related to PKA pathway, we used the PKA inhibitor H89. Co-treatment with ddAVP + H89 prevented the ddAVP-mediated increase in renin expression. To further confirm if the stimulation of renin synthesis in M-1 cells was mediated by cAMP accumulation, we raised intracellular cAMP levels using forskolin (10-7 mol/L). Forskolin treatment significantly increased renin mRNA and prorenin protein levels as compared to controls. Additionally, ddAVP increased phosphorylated CREB, while H89 blunted this effect. Finally, shRNA against CREB prevented the ddAVP-induced renin synthesis. We additionally confirmed the stimulatory effects of Ang II + ddAVP on renin synthesis in mpkccdc14 cell line, a mouse cortical line composed only by CD principal cells. Tolvaptan (V2R antagonist) reduced the additive effect of Ang II + ddAVP on renin expression. To achieve in vivo relevance we further measured renin mRNA levels in renal inner medullary tissues from mice subjected to 16 hours of water deprivation and controls. Mice water-deprived showed significantly greater renin mRNA levels in the renal inner medulla than controls. These results indicate that the activation of V2R stimulates renin mRNA synthesis and prorenin secretion in M-1 cells via cAMP/PKA/CREB pathway.
Author Disclosures: A.A. Gonzalez: None. F. Cifuentes: None. C. Ibaceta: None. L. Zamora: None. M.C. Prieto: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.