Abstract 500: The Cardiorenal Effects Of An Angiotensin Receptor Blocker (Valsartan) And Neprilysin Inhibitor (AHU377) Co-administered Daily For 6 Weeks In The Dahl Salt-sensitive Rat Model Of Volume-dependent Hypertension
The endogenous natriuretic peptide system helps maintain cardiovascular homeostasis by counterbalancing the deleterious effects of renin angiotensin system activation. This study examined whether the co-administration of an ARB (valsartan: VAL) with a NEPi (AHU377: AHU) can reduce cardiorenal disease progression in the Dahl salt-sensitive (Dahl/SS) rat model of volume-dependent hypertension.
Methods: Studies were conducted in conscious Dahl/SS hypertensive rats that were maintained on a high salt diet and surgically implanted with telemetry transmitters for monitoring blood pressure. Rats were treated for 6 weeks with either vehicle, VAL (30 mg/kg, PO) or VAL+AHU (30 + 30 mg/kg, PO). Changes in cardiac and renal functions were measured via Left Ventricle (LV) pressure-volume loops and biomarkers (KIM-1, NGAL and osteopontin).
Results: Dahl/SS rats maintained on a high salt diet exhibited a progressive decrease in body weight gain, progressive increases in blood pressure and elevation of plasma and urinary biomarkers indicative of cardiac stress or renal injury. VAL and VAL+AHU both improved body weight gain and blunted the progressive hypertension. However, the magnitude of the antihypertensive effect was greater for VAL+AHU (peak change: - 33 ± 3 mmHg) than for VAL alone (peak change: -15 ± 5 mmHg). VAL+AHU treatment provided greater renal protective effects, based on renal biomarkers KIM-1 (286 ± 29 vs. 341 ± 59 ng), NGAL (58 ±9 vs. 108 ± 28 μg) and osteopontin (1637 ± 372 vs 2155 ± 748 ng), than VAL alone. The VAL+AHU treatment group demonstrated a greater normalization in LV function, with improved systolic contractility over VAL alone (preload-adjusted PWRmax = 1 ± 0.1 vs. 2 ± 0.5 μWatt/uL). Most notably, the VAL+AHU group exhibited a greater survival rate (94%: 15 of 16) than either the VAL (75%: 12 of 16) or vehicle (70%: 14 of 20) groups.
Conclusion: In summary, chronic co-administration of an ARB and NEPi to Dahl/SS rats significantly attenuated progression of hypertension, suppressed increases in biomarkers indicative of renal injury,
improved cardiac function and increased overall survival. These results suggest that co-administration of an ARB and NEPi may confer a beneficial therapeutic strategy for the treatment of cardiorenal disease.
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- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.