Abstract 514: Jak2 Tyrosine Kinase Mediates Angiotensin II Renal Pathogenesis via its Pressor Dependent Actions
We previously found that Jak2 kinase, expressed within vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC), plays a critical role in angiotensin II (Ang II)-mediated hypertension. Given that Jak2 mediates both pressor-dependent and pressor-independent events, we sought to determine the role of blood pressure (BP), per se, on the deleterious effects of Jak2 within the kidney. To investigate this, three groups of mice were examined; i) wild type mice (Controls) that received Ang II infusion, ii) mice lacking Jak2 expression within the VSMC (VSMC Jak2 Null) that also received Ang II, and iii) Control mice that received Ang II plus an anti-hypertensive triple therapy (3Rx). After baseline BP recordings, Ang II was infused (1000 ng/kg/min, SC) to all groups and the 3Rx regimen (80 mg/L hydralazine, 5 mg/L reserpine, 30 mg/L hydrochlorothiazide in the drinking water) was initiated two days later to the 3Rx group, in order to maintain BP at similar levels to the VSMC Jak2 Null group. After 28 days of Ang II, mice were euthanized and the kidneys were assessed via histological, molecular, and functional approaches. Chronic Ang II infusion significantly increased the levels of intrarenal Ang II in all three groups; Control = 1,262±283 fmol/g, VSMC Jak2 Null = 1,655±666 fmol/g, and 3Rx = 2,174±588. While Ang II infusion significantly increased the mean BP in the Control group (152 ± 2 mm Hg), it was significantly, and similarly, lower in both the VSMC Jak2 Null and 3Rx groups (125 ± 5 mm Hg and 131 ± 5 mm Hg, respectively). Glomerular sclerosis was absent and interstitial fibrosis ranged from absent- mild- moderate, and was similar in all groups. The increases in i) perivascular infiltration of CD3+ lymphocytes, ii) CTGF gene expression, iii) tubule casts and iv) albuminuria that were observed in the Control mice, were significantly reduced in both the VSMC Jak2 Null and 3Rx groups. [CTGF mRNA Levels: Control = 100%±17, VSMC Jak2 Null = 70%±12*, 3Rx= 56%±17*. Urine Albumin (ng/day): Control = 414 ± 262, VSMC Jak2 Null = 138 ± 172*, 3Rx= 101 ± 89* (*, p<0.05 vs. Control)]. Thus, the early renal injury due to chronic Ang II infusion correlates with increased BP and not with the expression of VSMC-derived Jak2, suggesting that Jak2 contributes to early Ang II-mediated renal injury via its pressor-dependent actions.
Author Disclosures: P.P. Sayeski: None. S.O. Park: None. A. Kirabo: None. R. Baskin: None. D.M. Seth: None. L.G. Navar: None. A.B. Fogo: None. C. Baylis: None.
This research has received full or partial funding support from the American Heart Association, Greater Southeast Affiliate (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Puerto Rico & Tennessee).
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.