Abstract 579: Increased Role of COX-derived Prostanoids in Regulating Ang II Induced Uterine Artery Contraction at Early Pregnancy in a Transgenic Model of Preeclampsia
The balance between vasodilatory and vasoconstrictor prostanoids contributes to vascular control during pregnancy. Alterations in this balance are involved in the development of hypertensive pregnancy. The transgenic female rat containing the human angiotensinogen (hAGN) gene mated with the male transgenic containing human renin (hREN) is a model of preeclampsia (TgA), and shows hypertension and proteinuria at late gestation. We investigated the role COX-derived mediators have on contractility of the uterine artery (UA) in TgA rats before the hypertensive phenotype develops. UA were isolated from transgenic TgA (n=9) and Sprague-Dawley (n=7) control rats at 7 days of gestation. UA were mounted in a wire myograph for determinations of isometric tension (DMT USA, 620M). Responses to acetylcholine (ACh), phenylephrine (Phe) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP) were measured in control conditions and after preincubation with indomethacin (Indo, 10-5M). Data were fitted to a dose response curve, vasodilatation was expressed as percent of pre-constriction and sensitivity as pD2 (pD2= -Log [EC50]). Responses to ACh reached similar maximal relaxations (64±8 vs 75±6%, p>0.05), and an increased contraction in TgA UA at ACh >10μM (p<0.05) was eliminated by Indo. Contraction to Phe was similar in both groups with an inhibitory effect of Indo on TgA UA (p<0.05). Relaxation to SNP was lower in TgA vs SD UA (92±2 vs 74±5%, p<0.05), this difference was abolished by Indo. Thus, inhibition of COX enzymes had a greater effect on TgA UA suggesting an imbalance towards an increased prostanoids-derived constrictor tone in TgA UA. This imbalance appears before the hypertensive phenotype is established.
Author Disclosures: V.M. Pulgar: None. L.M. Yamaleyeva: None. J. Varagic: None. C.M. McGee: None. M. Bader: None. R. Dechend: None. K. Brosnihan: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.