Abstract 620: Development Of A New Mouse Model Exhibiting A Specific Deficiency Of Prorenin Renin Receptor In Adipocytes.
Objectives: Recent studies demonstrated that the prorenin renin receptor (PRR) is present in adipose tissue. In adipose tissue stromal cells, PRR has the ability to bind renin and prorenin and contributes to the generation of angiotensinI (AngI). However, the contribution of adipocyte PRR to the generation of the vasoactive peptide, AngII and therefore to the regulation of blood pressure in physiological condition is unknown. The purpose of this study was to develop and characterize a new mouse model with adipocyte-specific PRR deficiency and define the role of adipose PRR in normal physiology.
Methods and results: Female mice with 2 loxP sites flanking exon 2 of the PRR gene (floxed alleles, PRRfl/fl) were bred with aP2-Cre or with Adi-Cre male mice. Since PRR is located in the X chromosome, the male mice generated from the breeding were homozygotes for the deletion (PRRaP2 and PRRAdi). From the breeding, 5 PRRfl/fl, 2 PRRaP2 and 5 PRRAdi male mice were generated suggesting that the deletion of PRR in adipocyte was not lethal. Mice were fed on chow diet during 20 weeks. The body weight, the fat, lean mass and the blood pressure were quantified. Preliminary data suggest that the body weights (BW) were slightly decreased in PRRaP2 and PRRAdi compared to PRRfl/fl (PRRfl/fl: 29±1g; PRRaP2: 25±5g; PRRAdi: 28±1g). The slight reduction in BW was attributed to a reduction in fat mass (PRRfl/fl: 4.8±0.9g; PRRaP2: 3.8±1.8g; PRRAdi: 1.9±0.4g). Blood pressure was measured by plethysmography and by radiotelemetry. Preliminary data demonstrated that under physiological conditions, the SBP was not changed in PRRaP2 male mice compared to PRRfl/fl mice (plethysmography: PRRfl/fl: 108±1 mmHg; PRRaP2: 99±7 mmHg; radiotelemetry: PRRfl/fl: 129±2 mmHg; PRRaP2: 128±6 mmHg). The SBP of PRRAdi is currently under investigation.
Conclusions: These results demonstrate the viability of mice with specific adipocyte deficiency of PRR. Future studies will define the effects of adipocyte PRR deficiency on obesity-induced hypertension.
Author Disclosures: F.B. Yiannikouris: None. G. Nguyen: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.