Abstract 631: Maternal Separation (msep) Alters Baroreflex Function And Renal Blood Flow Responsiveness
An impairment of the baroreflex buffering has been shown to precede the development of hypertension. Formerly, we reported that MSep, a model of behavioral stress during early life, impairs chronic blood pressure control and renal filtration capacity. Thus, the aim of this study was to study the baroreflex function and renal blood flow regulation in MSep rats. We used 3 month-old MSep male rats, anesthetized with isoflurane. Femoral vein catheter was fitted to infuse saline (3 ml/hr, baseline), PE (phenylephrine, 1 ug/ml, 9 ml/hr) or SNP (sodium nitroprusside, 0.5 ug/ml, 9 ml/hr). Femoral artery catheter was fitted to collect blood pressure and HR data (ADInstruments). In addition, a flow probe was placed in the left renal artery for renal blood flow (RBF) assessment (Transonic). After 45 minutes of baseline, PE infusion (2 min) was performed. Following 30-minute recovery period, SNP infusion (2 min) was achieved. Delta heart rate (HR)/Delta mean arterial pressure (MAP) relationship shows a significant difference in the slopes between MSep vs. control rats (-0.5 ±0.07 vs. -1.08 ±0.08, p<0.05). PE-induced decrease in RBF was attenuated in a dose dependent manner in MSep rats (max. delta RBF -4.8±0.8 ml/min) compared to controls (max. delta RBF -7±1.5 ml/min, p<0.05, respectively). Yet, renal vascular resistance (MAP/RBF) was not different between MSep and control rats along the 2-min period (slope: 0.43±0.02 vs. 0.42±0.03 mmHg/ml/min, respectively). These data suggest that MSep rats fail to increase HR in response to a vasodilatory agent and lower HR in response to vasoactive stimulus. Furthermore, attenuated alpha-adrenergic-induced renal vascular responses support the existence of a compensatory mechanism in response to an increased sympathetic outflow to the kidney, as previously suggested. The contribution of the different components of the autonomic nervous system is the focus of ongoing studies.
Author Disclosures: A.S. Loria: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.