Abstract 002: Dynamic T Cell-Antigen Presenting Cell Interactions and Direct T Cell Activation Within the Vascular Wall During Hypertension
T cells are now known to be vital to the development of experimental hypertension. Hypertension is associated with significant accumulation of T cells into the perivascular fat surrounding the aorta and renal vasculature. While a hypertension-specific neoantigen has been implicated in T cell activation, it is not known whether vascular-infiltrating T cells recognize and are locally activated by an antigen within the vessel wall. We developed live-cell imaging of explanted aortas to identify whether cognate antigens are presented to T cells within the vessel wall of hypertensive mice, evidenced by slower T cell velocities and a greater number of T cells interacting with antigen presenting cells (APCs). Splenic T cells were isolated from normotensive vehicle-treated (nT cells) and hypertensive angiotensin II (Ang II)-infused (0.7mg/kg/day; 14 days; hT cells) C57BL6/J mice. Following anti-CD3/CD28 stimulation (48 hours), cells were fluorescently labelled and co-incubated simultaneously (16 hours) with explanted aorta from normotensive or hypertensive CD11c-YFP mice, where APCs are fluorescently labelled. In CD11c-YFP mouse aorta alone, we detected a ~2-fold increase in CCR5 ligand (CCL3, CCL4 and CCL5) secretion from hypertensive mouse aorta compared to vehicle-treated mouse aorta (*P<0.05; n = 4). Using 2-photon microscopy, we observed a greater number (~2-fold) of hT cells compared to nT cells within Ang II-infused mouse aorta (390 ± 113 Vs 198 ± 49). Importantly, time-lapse recordings of hypertensive mouse aorta revealed hT cells exhibited significantly slower velocity (hT cells 2.0 μm/min Vs nT cells 4.8 μm/min; **P<0.01, n=8-12), and a greater proportion of interactions with APCs (hT cells 4.4 ± 1.1 Vs nT cells 0.8 ± 0.4%). Moreover, activation of local vascular T cells by incubating hypertensive aorta with anti-CD3/CD28 antibodies (16 hours) augmented Ang II-induced endothelial dysfunction (67.5 ± 2.0 Vs Ang II alone 54.5 ± 3.7% maximal relaxation). We have the first evidence that vascular-infiltrating T cells are presented with cognate antigens by APCs within the vessel wall during hypertension; direct activation of these T cell infiltrates further impairs endothelial function, which may promote the development of hypertension.
Author Disclosures: Z. Wei: None. A. Wang: None. I. Spizzo: None. M.J. Hickey: None. R.E. Widdop: None. A. Vinh: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.