Abstract 063: Impaired Myogenic Response of the Af-art Contributes to the Increased Susceptibility to Hypertension and Diabetic Induced Renal Disease in Milan Normotensive Rats
Previous studies have indicated that Milan normotensive (MNS) rats are more susceptible to the development of hypertension and diabetic induced renal injury than Milan hypertensive (MHS) rats, but the genes and pathways involved are unknown. MNS also develop proteinuria and chronic kidney disease (CKD) as they age, whereas hypertensive MHS do not. We compared the myogenic response of isolated perfused Af-Art and autoregulation of RBF and glomerular capillary pressure in 6-9 week old MNS and MHS rats. The diameter of Af-Art of MNS rats increased from 14.0 ± 0.5 to 14.2 ± 0.6 μm (n=6) when elevation in perfusion pressure from 60 to 120 mmHg. In contrast, the diameter of the Af-Art decreased significantly from 14.3 ± 0.5 to 11.5 ± 0.6 μm (n=6) in MHS rats. In vivo, RBF increased by 26% when RPP was increased from 100 to 140 mmHg in MNS rats but it remained unchanged in MHS rats. Glomerular capillary pressure rose by 11 mmHg in MNS following the elevation in RPP from 100 to 140 mm Hg but not in MHS rats. Protein excretion increased from 8.9 ± 0.7 to 158.2 ± 23.1 mg/day in MNS rats as the increased in age from 3 to 9 months of age but it did not increase in MHS rats. In com-parison to other strains susceptible and resistant to CKD, we noticed that both MNS and Fawn Hooded hypertensive (FHH) rats that do not autoregulate RBF also share the same sequence variant in the Adducin 3 gene. We performed a genetic complementation study to test whether this mutation might be responsible for the impaired myogenic response in MNS. The diameter of the Af-Art isolated from an F1 cross of MNS &FHH rats increased from 17.2 ± 0.9 to 18.5 ± 0.9 μM (n=5) in response to increase in perfusion pressure and RBF was not efficiently autoregulated in these animals. These data indicate a mutation in Adducin 3 which impairs myogenic response of the Af-Art and increased transmission of pressure to the glomerular capillaries may contribute to the development of CKD in MNS rats similar to what is seen in FHH rats.
Author Disclosures: Y. Ge: None. F. Fan: None. R.J. Roman: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.