Abstract 070: AntagomiR-762 Prevents Angiotensin II Induced Aortic Fibrosis and Stiffening
We and others have shown that hypertension (HTN) is associated with a striking deposition of collagen in the vascular adventitia. This causes vascular stiffening, which increases pulse wave velocity and contributes to end-organ damage. Through a screen of vascular microRNAs (miRNAs), we found that miR-762 is the most upregulated miRNA in mice with angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced HTN. qRT-PCR confirmed that miR-762 is upregulated 6.35±1.22 (p=0.03) fold in aortas of Ang II-infused mice compared with controls. This was a direct effect of Ang II, as miR-762 upregulation was not eliminated by lowering blood pressure with hydralazine and hydrochlorothiazide and was increased only 2-fold in DOCA salt HTN. To study the role of miR-762 in HTN, we administered a locked nucleic acid inhibitor of miR-762 (antagomiR-762). AntagomiR-762 administration did not alter the hypertensive response to Ang II, yet it normalized stress-strain relationships and aortic energy storage that occurs in systole (Table). Further studies showed that antagomiR-762 dramatically affected vascular matrix proteins, reducing mRNA for several collagens and fibronectin and dramatically upregulating collagenases MMP1a, 8 and 13 (Table). Thus, miR-762 has a major role in modulating vascular stiffening and its inhibition dramatically inhibits pathological fibrosis, enhances matrix degradation and normalizes aortic stiffness. AntagomiR-762 might represent a new approach to prevent aortic stiffening and its consequent end-organ damage.
Author Disclosures: K.C. Montaniel: None. J. Wu: None. M.R. Bersi: None. L. Xiao: None. H.A. Itani: None. K.C. Vickers: None. J.D. Humphrey: None. D.G. Harrison: None.
This research has received full or partial funding support from the American Heart Association, Greater Southeast Affiliate (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Puerto Rico & Tennessee).
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.