Abstract 073: Expression of Axl in Innate Immune Cells Contributes to Kidney Dysfunction and Onset of Hypertension
Introduction: We previously reported that expression of the receptor tyrosine kinase Axl in hematopoietic cells is critical for kidney dysfunction in early hypertension. Here we investigated the role of Axl expression in innate immune cells in deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt induced hypertension.
Methods and Results: RAG1-/- mice lack adaptive immune cells and displayed the same (~25 mmHg) increase in systolic blood pressure (BP) as C57BL/6J mice after 1 week of DOCA-salt. While in metabolic cages RAG1-/- drank more (14.3±0.9 mL) than C57BL/6J mice (10.6±2.5 mL) per day after 1 week of DOCA-salt. Ultrasound imaging confirmed that RAG1-/- had ~20 % larger kidneys vs. C57BL/6J mice after DOCA-salt. RAG1-/- kidneys accumulated 2 times more fluid (2.8±0.1 %) compared to C57BL/6J mice (1.4±0.5 %) after DOCA-salt. Flow cytometry on kidneys from RAG1-/- confirmed absence of T and B lymphocytes, while DOCA-salt increased presence of macrophages (1.1±0.3 x109) compared to C57BL/6J mice (0.6±0.1 x109). We successfully generated Axl/RAG1 double knockout mice and subjected the littermates to 1 week of DOCA-salt. Increases in systolic BP were the same in Axl/RAG1+/+ and Axl/RAG1-/- littermate mice. No differences were found in kidney volumes between the Axl/RAG1 genotypes as well. However, 24 hrs excretion volumes increased in Axl/RAG1-/- (50±6 %) compared to Axl/RAG1+/+ (31±6 %) littermates. Finally, renal artery blood flow velocity (611±52 mm/s) and resistive index (0.62±0.03) were reduced in Axl/RAG1+/+ but not in Axl/RAG1-/- mice (665±45 mm/s and 0.68±0.01, respectively) when compared to their controls.
Conclusions: Our findings suggest that mice lacking lymphocytes compensate by increasing kidney macrophages that contribute to initial increase in BP. Depletion of Axl in innate immune cells partially reverses kidney dysfunction by improving renal artery function in early hypertension.
Author Disclosures: V.A. Korshunov: None. K.A. Ko: None. D. Mickelsen: None. R.W. Wood: None. S.N. Batchu: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.