Abstract 114: K+ Rich Diet During Angiotensin II Hypertension Reduces Renal Na-Cl Cotransporter and Phosphorylation, but Not Blood Pressure
During Ang II hypertension distal tubule Na-Cl Cotransporter (NCC) abundance and its activating phosphorylation (NCCp), as well as Epithelial Na+ channels (ENaC) abundance and activating cleavage are increased 1.5-3 fold. Fasting plasma [K+] is significantly lower in Ang II hypertension (3.3 ± 0.1 mM) versus controls (4.0 ± 0.1 mM), likely secondary to ENaC stimulation driving K+ secretion. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that doubling dietary K+ intake during Ang II infusion will lower NCC and NCCp abundance to increase Na+ delivery to ENaC to drive K+ excretion and reduce blood pressure.
Methods: Male Sprague Dawley rats (225-250 g; n= 7-9/group) were treated over 2 weeks: 1) Control 1% K diet fed (C1K); 2) Ang II infused (400 ng/kg/min) 1% K diet fed (A1K); or 3) Ang II infused 2% K diet fed (A2K). Blood pressure (BP) was determined by tail cuff, electrolytes by flame photometry and transporters’ abundance by immunoblot of cortical homogenates.
Results: As previously reported, Ang II infusion increased systolic BP (from 132 ± 5 to 197 ± 4 mmHg), urine volume (UV, 2.4 fold), urine Na+ (UNaV, 1.3 fold), heart /body weight ratio (1.23 fold) and clearance of endogenous Li+ (CLi, measures fluid volume leaving the proximal tubule, from 0.26 ± 0.02 to 0.51 ± 0.01 ml/min/kg) all evidence for pressure natriuresis. A2K rats exhibited normal plasma [K+] (4.6 ± 0.1 mM, unfasted), doubled urine K+ (UKV, from 0.20 to 0.44 mmol/hr), and increased CLi (to 0.8 ± 0.1 ml/min/kg) but UV, UNaV, cardiac hypertrophy and BP were unchanged versus the A1K group. As expected, NCC, NCCpS71 and NCCpT53 abundance increased in the A1K group to 1.5 ± 0.1, 2.9 ± 0.5 and 2.8 ± 0.4 fold versus C1K, respectively. As predicted by our hypothesis, when dietary K+ was doubled (A2K), Ang II infusion did not activate NCC, NCCpS71 nor NCCpT53 (0.91 ± 0.04, 1.3 ± 0.1 and 1.6 ± 0.2 fold versus C1K, respectively). ENaC subunit abundance and cleavage increased 1.5 to 3 fold in both A1K and A2K groups; ROMK was unaffected by Ang II or dietary K.
In conclusion, evidence is presented that stimulation of NCC during Ang II hypertension is secondary to K+ deficiency driven by ENaC stimulation since doubling dietary K+ prevents the activation. The results also indicate that elevation in BP is independent of NCC activation
Author Disclosures: L.C. Veiras: None. J. Han: None. D.L. Ralph: None. A.A. McDonough: None.
This research has received full or partial funding support from the American Heart Association, Western States Affiliate (California, Nevada & Utah).
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.