Abstract MP11: Striatin Heterozygous Knockout Mice Have Increased Aldosterone Sensitivity
Background: We recently demonstrated that mice lacking one copy of the striatin gene (Strn+/-) have salt sensitivity of blood pressure (BP) as compared with WT mice. To determine whether Strn+/- mice have increased sensitivity to aldosterone (ALDO), we assessed the effect on blood pressure of an ALDO infusion in WT and Strn+/- mice fed a liberal sodium diet.
Methods: In this study we used 12 week old WT and Strn+/- littermate male mice. For each genotype, mice were placed on HS diet and randomized to either: 1) placebo 2) ALDO (200 μg/Kg/day) or 3) ALDO plus 100 mg/kg/day eplerenone. BP was measured by tail cuff plethysmography at baseline and after treatment. After 21 days of treatment, animals were placed in metabolic cages for 24 hours. Finally, animals were sacrificed and organs excised. Primary endpoints were BP, renal immunohistochemistry, protein analysis by western blot and mRNA expression by RT-PCR.
Results: BP increased significantly in Strn+/- mice treated with ALDO (ΔBP: 12 ± 4 mmHg, p=0.03) but not placebo (ΔBP 6± 6 mmHg); the BP effect of ALDO was blunted by eplerenone (Δ 6 ± 3 mmHg). In contrast, none of the treatments had a significant effect on BP in WT mice. Kidney weight was significantly increased after 3 weeks of ALDO treatment in both WT and Strn+/- mice and this increase in kidney weight was prevented by treatment with eplerenone, with no difference between genotypes. WT mice had an increase in glomerular volume (GV) in HS/ALDO treated that was blunted by eplerenone. Interestingly, Strn+/- mice had increased GV across all 3 treatment groups compared with WT mice. pAkt/Akt ratios were reduced in Strn+/- mice versus WT mice across all treatments. Classic genomic MR targets (ENaC and SGK1) and non-genomic targets (pAkt/Akt) were significantly modulated in kidney tissue of Strn+/- mice compared to WT mice with chronic ALDO.
Conclusion: Strn+/- mice have an increased sensitivity to infused ALDO (increased BP response and increased rise in renal ENaC and SGK1 protein) as compared to WT mice. Since loss of striatin directly reduces nongenomic not genomic action of ALDO, this study demonstrates for the first time that modifying the nongenomic pathway may under chronic, in vivo conditions led to increased sensitivity to the genomic actions of ALDO.
Author Disclosures: A.E. Garza: None. L. Pojoga: None. R. Baudrand: None. B. Moize: None. T. Yao: None. G.K. Adler: None. G.H. Williams: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.