Abstract MP15: Afferent Arteriolar Endothelial-dependent Dilation is Impaired Prior to the Development of Radiation-induced Nephropathy and Hypertension
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) occurs in 15% of hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) patients, and has been clearly linked to irradiation at the time of the HSCT. CKD due to radiation also occurs after radionuclide therapy for cancer. Radiation nephropathy is expressed in rats and in humans as proteinuria, azotemia, and hypertension. There is a latent period of 6-8 weeks after irradiation to the development of proteinuria, azotemia, and hypertension in rats. This study tested the hypothesis that afferent arteriolar responses to the endothelial-dependent dilator acetylcholine are impaired prior to the development of proteinuria, azotemia, and hypertension in rats exposed to total body irradiation (TBI). Male WAG/RijCmcr rats were subjected to TBI (11 Gy) and afferent arteriolar responses to acetylcholine using the juxtamedullary nephron technique were determined at one, three, and six weeks. Systolic blood pressure (117 ± 6 vs. 119 ± 4 mmHg) and BUN (15.6 ± 1.4 vs. 15.8 ± 0.8 mg/dl) were not different between control and TBI groups at 6 weeks. Afferent arteriolar diameters averaged 22.5 ± 0.8 μm (n=30) in controls and 21.7 ± 0.7 μm (n=27) in TBI rats and were not different between control and TBI groups at 1, 3, or 6 weeks. Acetylcholine dilator responses were progressively attenuated from one to six weeks in TBI compared to control rats. During exposure to acetylcholine (0.01, 0.1, 1, and 10 μmol/L), afferent diameter increased by 8 ± 2%, 18 ± 3%, 27 ± 2% and 31 ± 3% in control rats (n=6), and 3 ± 2%, 9 ± 3%, 12 ± 3%, and 16 ± 3% in kidneys of 3 week TBI rats (n=8, p<0.05). However, TBI did not change the norepinephrine-mediated vasoconstrictor responses or the nitroprusside vasodilator responses at 1, 3, or 6 weeks. Renal microvessels were isolated from control and TBI groups at 3 and 6 weeks for protein expression assessment of endothelial enzymatic pathways Cyp2C, COX, and NOS. We found that epoxygenase Cyp2C23 and Cyp2C11 protein expressions were significantly lower 3 and 6 weeks following TBI compared to control rats. Taken together, these results indicate that the impaired afferent arteriolar endothelial-dependent acetylcholine responses and decreased epoxygenase enzymes precede the development of proteinuria, azotemia, and hypertension in irradiated rats.
Author Disclosures: J.D. Imig: A. Employment; Significant; Medical College of Wisconsin. B. Research Grant (includes principal investigator, collaborator, or consultant and pending grants as well as grants already received); Significant; VA Grant. F. Ownership Interest (includes any stock, stock option, partnership, membership or other equity position in an entity regardless of the form of the entity, or any option or right to acquire such position, and any rights in any patent or other intellectu; Modest; Patents & Licensing Agreements. G. Consultant/Advisory Board; Modest; Pharmaceutical Companies. A. Sharma: A. Employment; Significant; Medical College of Wisconsin. M.H. Khan: A. Employment; Significant; Medical College of Wisconsin. B. Fish: A. Employment; Significant; Medical College of Wisconsin. E.P. Cohen: A. Employment; Significant; Medical College of Wisconsin.
This research has received full or partial funding support from the American Heart Association, National Center.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.