Abstract P029: Vendor Specific Differences in the Sprague Dawley Rat Strain Alter Baseline Blood Pressure and Body Composition and Influence the Impact of Slow Fetal Growth on Later Cardiovascular Risk
Low birth weight is associated with increased risk for cardiovascular (CV) disease including hypertension in later life. We previously reported that reduced uterine perfusion (RUP) in timed pregnant Sprague Dawley (SD) dams purchased from Harlan induced intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) associated with hypertension and enhanced sensitivity to angiotensin II (Ang II) in male rats at 4 months of age. In addition, male IUGR exhibited a two-fold increase in testosterone relative to control. Upon castration, hypertension and sensitivity to Ang II were abolished suggesting that programmed CV risk is testosterone dependent in the male IUGR. The aim of this study was to determine if vendor differences in the SD strain impact CV risk following a developmental insult. Timed pregnant SD rats were purchased from Charles River and underwent either RUP or sham surgery at day 14 of gestation. Birth weight was significantly reduced in IUGR relative to control (P<0.05). At 4 months of age, body weight remained significantly decreased in male IUGR relative to control, blood pressure did not differ when measured in conscious, chronically instrumented animals, and male control and IUGR from Charles River also exhibited a similar blood pressure response to acute Ang II. However, baseline blood pressures were higher in male control from Charles River versus blood pressure previously noted for male control from Harlan. Thus, these results suggest that vendor specific differences in the SD rat strain influence baseline CV risk and effect the developmental programming of CV risk following slow fetal growth.
Author Disclosures: J.H. Dasinger: None. S. Intapad: None. M.A. Backstrom: None. A.J. Carter: None. B.T. Alexander: None.
This research has received full or partial funding support from the American Heart Association, Greater Southeast Affiliate (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Puerto Rico & Tennessee).
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.