Abstract P067: Novel Antagonists of Dopamine-β-hydroxylase Identified and Validated Through Structure Based Approach to Combat Hypertension
Human dopamine β-hydroxylase (hDBH), expressed in noradrenergic nerve terminals of nervous system and in chromaffin cells of adrenal medulla, is a key constituent of catecholamine biosynthetic pathway. DBH inhibition has been shown to help the treatment of hypertension, cardiac hypertrophy and cardiac heart failure, which are major causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Existing hDBH inhibitors are too few, often result in side effects and are frequently non-responsive to specific population. Since no three-dimensional structure existed for full-length hDBH, structure based rational drug design was elusive till date, an issue to which we provided solution lately by building an experimentally validated in silico model for hDBH. The model was used in Autodock, Glide SP and XP software for structure based virtual screening against small molecule databases from NCI, USA. The docked structures were scored using Autodock, X-Score and Prime MMGBSA. Thus, 69 compounds were identified as prospective inhibitors of DBH, which were then tested in vitro against human serum DBH and its nearly identical homologue, bovine DBH (586 of 617 amino acids homologous), with known inhibitors nepicastat and disulfiram as positive controls. Three lead molecules UDSC171, UDSC180 and UDSC142 were discovered in the process as potent inhibitors of DBH with IC50s of 1μM, 5.5μM and 18μM, respectively. The binding of the inhibitors to the enzyme were validated using fluorescence and CD spectroscopy as well as ITC, revealing KD values in the range of 100nm to 1μM. In silico pharmacokinetic analysis indicated the molecules to be latest generation of DBH inhibitors having very high cell permeability and inability to cross the blood brain barrier. High doses (up to 50μM) of the lead compounds showed acceptable cellular tolerance against HEK 293 cell line and insignificant hemo-toxicities against human RBCs. Hence, in vivo evaluation of the lead molecules were done in small model systems like C. elegans and D. melanogaster reconfirming their nontoxic properties up to 15μM doses. These three leads are now being tested in cardiac hypertrophy and hypertension rat models with exciting preliminary results.
Author Disclosures: S.K. Dey: None. T. Joseph: None. S. Kumar: None. A. Kamaladevi: None. N. Sarkar: None. B.K. Thelma: None. S. Sarkar: None. K. Balamurugan: None. S. Kundu: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.