Abstract P144: Effects of Alamandine in Post-ischemic Function
Alamandine, a biologically active peptide of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), was recently described and characterized. Further it has been shown to present effects similar to those elicited by Ang-(1-7). It has been described that Ang-(1-7) decreases the incidence and duration of ischemia-reperfusion arrhythmias and improved the post-ischemic function in isolated perfused rat hearts. In this study we aimed to evaluate the effects of Alamandine in isolated rat hearts subjected to myocardial infarction (MI). Wistar rats weighing between 250-300g were euthanized and their hearts were placed on Langendorff apparatus to evaluate the cardiac parameters. Hearts were submitted to 30min of stabilization, 30min of partial ischemia by occlusion of the left descending coronary artery and 30min of reperfusion. Drugs (alamandine 22pM, d-pro7-ang-(1-7) 220pM) were added to the perfusion setting from the beginning of the experiment until the end. 2,3,5-trypheniltetrazolium chloride were used to evaluate the extension of infarcted area. In control hearts (CON), there was a decrease on the left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP) on ischemic period (54,6 ± 6,9mmHg) compared to the baseline period (84,6 ± 11,6mmHg). Alamandine (ALA) attenuated that decrease in the ischemic period (66,9 ± 7,9mmHg) vs (82,3 ± 8,9mmHg). Further, ischemia led to a decrease in the left ventricular developed pressure (dLVP), dP/dt maximum and minimum when compared to baseline values. ALA, once more, kept the ischemic parameters of dLVP and dP/dt max and min (58,9 ± 8mmHg; 1629 ± 202,2mmHg/s; 1101 ± 130mmHg/s, respectively) similar to those of baseline period (68,9 ± 8,92; 1682 ± 248,8; 1179 ± 118,6 mmHg, respectively). Ischemia/reperfusion induced an arrhythmia severity index (ASI) in control hearts (4,9 ± 1,26) higher than in hearts treated with ALA (1,10 ± 0,58). ALA also reduced infarcted area (19,64 ± 2,61%) compared with CON (33,85 ± 4,55%). All those effects were blocked by D-PRO7-Ang-(1-7). In conclusion, our data shown that Alamandine exert cardioprotective effects in post-ischemic function in isolated rat hearts by preventing LVSP, dLVP , dP/dt max and min decrease. Furthermore it reduced the infarcted area and I/R arrhythmias, apparently involving MrgD receptor participation.
Author Disclosures: J.F.Q. Almeida: None. R.A.S. Santos: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.