Abstract P166: The Effects of V2 Receptor Antagonist Treatment on the Renal Medullary Circulation and Urinary Sodium Excretion in Rat
Objective: V2 receptor (V2R) antagonist increases aquaresis, and was reported to have renoprotective and natriuretic effect, although the mechanism is not fully clarified. Renal medullary hemodynamics contributes sodium retention and renal injury. Therefore, the present study was designed to evaluate the effect of V2R antagonist on renal medullary blood flow.
Methods: Catheter was inserted in femoral artery and vein of anesthetized SD rats to monitor blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR) and to infuse drugs, respectively. Renal medullary blood flow (MBF) and renal medullary oxygen pressure (pO2) were measured with laser-Doppler flowmetry or oxygen microelectrode, respectively. V2R antagonist, OPC-31260 (OPC, 0.25mg/kg bw/h) or furosemide (Furo, 0.5mg/kg bw/h) was intravenously administrated for 90min. Urine was collected in 30 min interval and urinary sodium (UNaV), hydrogen peroxide (UH2O2V) and [nitrate + nitrite] (UNOxV) excretion were measured.
Results: OPC and Furo treatment did not change BP and HR. Urine volume was significantly increased by OPC (1.1+0.2 to 6.1+0.5 g/30 min) and Furo (1.4+0.6 to 4.7+0.3 g/30 min) treatment but was not different between groups. MBF was significantly decreased in Furo (12+4% decrease from baseline), while OPC did not changed MBF (1+3% increase from baseline). pO2 was significantly increased by both OPC and Furo treatment (20+6 and 27+10% increase from baseline, respectively). UNaV was significantly increased in OPC (0.10+0.02 to 0.44+0.05 mEq/30 min) and Furo (0.14+0.08 to 0.69+0.06 mEq/30 min) treatment, the increase of UNaV was significantly higher in Furo than OPC group. UH2O2V was significantly increased by Furo treatment (16+4 to 28+6 nmol/30 min), while did not change in OPC treatment (10+2 to 19+4 nmol/30 min). UNOx was significantly increased in OPC treatment (211+30 to 376+45 nmol/30 min), while did not change in Furo treatment (142+27 to 237+75 nmol/30 min).
Conclusion: OPC treatment increased NO production. Increased NO could contribute to decrease of sodium reabsorption, result in increase of renal medullary pO2. This scheme could be one on the mechanisms of renal protective effect by V2R antagonist treatment.
Author Disclosures: Y. Ohsaki: B. Research Grant (includes principal investigator, collaborator, or consultant and pending grants as well as grants already received); Modest; Otsuka Pharmaceutical. T. Mori: B. Research Grant (includes principal investigator, collaborator, or consultant and pending grants as well as grants already received); Modest; Otsuka Pharmaceutical. K. Akao: None. Y. Nakamichi: None. C. Takahashi: None. S. Ito: B. Research Grant (includes principal investigator, collaborator, or consultant and pending grants as well as grants already received); Modest; Otsuka Pharmaceutical.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.