Abstract P191: Increases in Cerebrospinal Fluid NaCl Concentration Excites Neurons of the Organum Vasculosum of the Lamina Terminalis to Elevate Sympathetic Outflow and Blood Pressure
Accumulating evidence suggests salt-sensitive hypertension is mediated partly by an increase in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) NaCl concentration and elevation in sympathetic nerve activity (SNA). Increased NaCl concentration or osmolality is sensed by specialized neurons in the organum vasculosum of the lamina terminalis (OVLT). The present study investigated the contribution of these neurons to the SNA and arterial blood pressure (ABP) responses during acute increases in CSF NaCl concentrations. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were anesthetized with Inactin (120mg/kg, IV) and prepared for SNA and ABP recordings. Lateral ventricle infusion of 1M NaCl (5uL over 10 min) increased CSF [Na+] by 5±1 mM and elevated mean ABP (9±1 mmHg), lumbar SNA (125±3%) and adrenal SNA (121±5%) but decreased renal SNA (-9±1%, n=8) and did not alter splanchnic SNA (102±3%). Inhibition of the OVLT with injection of the GABAA agonist muscimol (2.5mM per 20nL, n=5) significantly attenuated the NaCl-induced increase in ABP (2±1 mmHg), lumbar SNA (102±1%), adrenal SNA (103±2%) and decrease in renal SNA (-3±1%). In vivo single-unit recordings demonstrate that lateral ventricular infusion of 1M NaCl (5uL per 10 min) significantly increased the firing rate in 75% (3/4) of OVLT neurons from 1.2±0.4Hz to 5.1±1.2Hz (P<0.05). Furthermore, direct injection of NaCl (100nL over 20s, n=3) into the OVLT produced dose-dependent increases in mean ABP (0.15M: 0±1mmHg; 0.5M: 2±1mmHg; 1.0M: 4±1mmHg; 2.0M: 7±1mmHg) and lumbar SNA (0.15M: 101±2%; 0.5M: 107±1%; 1.0M: 112±3%; 2.0M: 118±4%). Altogether, these findings suggest that increases in CSF NaCl concentrations excite OVLT neurons to elevate lumbar and adrenal SNA and ABP.
Author Disclosures: S.S. Simmonds: None. H.L. Nation: None. S.D. Stocker: None.
This research has received full or partial funding support from the American Heart Association, National Center.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.