Abstract P235: Employing the DASH Diet to Treat Non-dippers: A Two-month Intervention Study
Introduction: Hypertensive patients with abnormal circadian blood pressure patterns, including a lack of nocturnal blood pressure dipping or rises in blood pressure from daytime to night-time, are at an increased risk for numerous cardiovascular events including strokes, heart failure and renal failure. Currently, limited therapeutic strategies exist to treat non-dippers. In this study, we examine the role of obesity on circadian blood pressure patterns and the impact of lifestyle intervention on nocturnal dip.
Methodology: 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring was performed before and after a 2-month intervention employing the DASH diet and lifestyle program with a targeted 5% weight loss in 80 volunteers. 20 control patients had a healthy nocturnal dip, 30 patients had a non-dipping blood pressure pattern, and 30 patients had a rise in blood pressure nocturnally from daytime.
Results: At baseline, there was a linear correlation between individuals' BMI and nocturnal blood pressure aberrancies (r= 0.60, p<0.0001). The control group had the lowest average BMI of 28.1 kg/m2. Non-dippers had a slightly higher average BMI of 30.3 kg/m2, and those with a rise in blood pressure nocturnally had the greatest average BMI of 35.3 kg/m2.
After the two-month lifestyle intervention, individuals who achieved weight loss had significantly greater average reductions in nocturnal blood pressure (24.3 mm Hg), compared to daytime (12.1 mm Hg), resulting in the restoration of a more normal nocturnal dip and circadian blood pressure pattern. Non-dippers who achieved a 5% reduction in weight during the intervention had an average 8.31% nocturnal dip by the end of the study. Individuals who lost less than 5% of their weight or who gained weight continued to have a non-dipping blood pressure pattern by the end of the study.
Conclusions: The results of this study would suggest that perhaps reducing weight by adhering to the DASH diet and lifestyle intervention could be examined as therapeutic avenues for non-dippers in the future. The long-term effects of a restoration of normal circadian blood pressure pattern warrants further investigation.
Author Disclosures: A.K. Pandey: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.