Abstract P240: Gender Differences in the Association of Adiponectin and BMI in a Rural Cohort of African Americans
Gender differences in the association of adiponectin with visceral and subcutaneous fat have been reported among African Americans (AAs). Specifically, adiponectin is negatively associated with visceral and subcutaneous fat in women but positively associated in males. The previous findings were obtained, however, under a controlled environment using expensive scanning equipment. In this study we wanted to determine if similar gender differences could be observed when sampling from a rural cohort of African Americans under less controlled conditions. African Americans (11 males; 36 females) attending a health fair at a local school were recruited and the following were measured or collected: resting blood pressure, weight, self reported height, blood sample, and spot urine. Both males and females tended to be hypertensive (SBP: 148 ± 6 in males vs 129 ± 3 mmHg in females; p=0.002; DBP: 79 ± 5 and 70 ± 2mmHg, p=0.047) and obese (35.6 ± 2 vs. 33.4 ± 1 in males and females, respectively; p=0.52). Although there was no difference in BMI between males and females, total adiponectin levels were significantly higher in males as compared to females (6.9 ± 1 vs. 3.9 ± 0.5 μg/ml; p=0.026). Interestingly, BMI was positively associated with adiponectin in males (p=0.004) but there was no significant association between BMI and adiponectin in females (p=NS). These findings are similar to what has been previously reported when sampling under controlled conditions and suggest that sampling from the field could be a viable means to further investigate the gender differences in adiponectin and adiposity in African Americans, particularly among rural residents.
Author Disclosures: M.A. Pointer: None. L. Bridges: None. C. Wells: None. D. Bolin: None. N. Greene: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.