Abstract P244: Role of the Na-H Exchanger Regulatory Factor 1 (NHERF1) in Hypertension of Aging Animals
Aging animals develop hypertension when challenged with high salt diet due, in part, to desensitization of dopamine receptors (DR) in renal proximal tubules (RPT). We have demonstrated that NHERF1 associates with DR1 and Na-K ATPase (NKA) and is important for regulation of NKA in RPT. Preliminary data showed loss of NHERF1 expression in 22m old F344 rats. We hypothesized that loss of NHERF1 results in increased blood pressure (BP) and lack of natriuretic response to dopamine (DA) in aging animals. To address this hypothesis, Fischer Brown Norway (FBN) rats (1m, 4m, 12m, and 24m old) were fed diet containing 1% or 8% NaCl for one week and, BP was measured in anesthetized animals using an indwelling left femoral artery catheter. 8% NaCl did not increase BP in 1m or 4 month old rats. By contrast, 8% NaCl diet increased BP in 12m (84.3±3.5 vs 90.8±2.36) and 24m (73.5±7.58 vs 104±1.6) old animals. To determine if lack of NHERF1 is responsible for the increase in BP, we measured BP in 12 m old WT and NHERF1 KO mice. By contrast to WT mice, 8% NaCl diet did not increase BP in NHERF1 KO mice (84±4.9 vs 96.5±3.56 (WT) and 78.2±3.89 vs 81.8±9.2 (NHERF1 KO mice)). To confirm that NHERF1 is required for DA-mediated inhibition of NKA, NKA activity in primary proximal tubule cells (PTC) from young and old mice in culture was measured in the presence or absence of DA. DA decreased NKA activity in PTC from young animals (67.2±3.8 vs 32.7±5.3) but not in PTC from old animals. Transfection of NHERF1 restored NKA regulation by DA in PTC from old rats (58.4±4.2 vs 64.4±4.3 (in untransfected cells) 54.2±3.8 vs 31.1±3.4 (in NHERF1 transfected cells)). We conclude that NHERF1 regulates DA-mediated proximal tubule sodium handling; however, other factors modulate BP response to dietary sodium intake in young and old animals. The contribution of NHERF1 and dopamine signaling to sodium homeostasis requires further study.
Author Disclosures: S. Pushpakumar: None. C.J. Ketchem: None. M.T. Barati: None. U. Sen: B. Research Grant (includes principal investigator, collaborator, or consultant and pending grants as well as grants already received); Significant; NIH. P.J. Jose: B. Research Grant (includes principal investigator, collaborator, or consultant and pending grants as well as grants already received); Significant; NIH. E.J. Weinman: None. E.D. Lederer: A. Employment; Significant; VA Hospital, University of Louisville. S.J. Khundmiri: A. Employment; Significant; University of Louisville. B. Research Grant (includes principal investigator, collaborator, or consultant and pending grants as well as grants already received); Significant; NIH.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.