Abstract P617: Angiotensin II-induced Hypertension And Vascular Injury Is Mediated By Gamma/delta T Cells
Objective: Both innate antigen presenting cells and the adaptive immune system have been shown to play a role in the development of hypertension. Nevertheless, the T cell subset involved in the pathophysiology of hypertension remains unclear. There is a small subset of “innate-like” T cells expressing gamma/delta T cell receptor (TCR) rather than the alpha/beta TCR that could play a role in bridging between the innate and adaptive immune systems. However, it is unknown whether gamma/delta T cells contribute to development of hypertension.
Method/Results: Thirteen to 15 week-old male C57BL/6 wild-type and Tcrd-/- mice, which are devoid of gamma/delta T cells, were infused or not with angiotensin (Ang) II (490 ng/kg/min, SC) for 7 or 14 days (n=4-9). Telemetric blood pressure, mesenteric artery endothelial function and vascular remodeling by pressurized myography and spleen T cell profile by flow cytometry were evaluated. Fourteen days of Ang II increased systolic blood pressure (167±4 vs 125±2 mmHg, P≤0.01) in wild-type compared to control mice. The frequency of gamma/delta T cells (6±1% vs 3±1%, P≤0.05) and activated (CD69+) gamma/delta T cells (11±1% vs 7±1%) was increased after 7 days of Ang II, and 7 days later were respectively unchanged or further increased (24±2% vs 10±1%) in wild-type compared to control mice. Ang II decreased mesenteric artery relaxation responses to acetylcholine (51±5% vs 88±3%, P≤0.01) and increased media/lumen (5±1 vs 3±0%, P≤0.01) in wild-type mice compare to controls. No gamma/delta T cells were detected in Tcrd-/- treated or not with Ang II. All the above Ang II effects were abrogated in Tcrd-/- mice.
Conclusion: These data suggest that gamma/delta T cells mediate Ang II-induced blood pressure rise and vascular injury. Gamma/delta T cells could be key immune cells bridging innate and adaptive immune responses during the development of hypertension.
Author Disclosures: A. Caillon: None. M. Oneeb Rehman Mian: None. T. Barhoumi: None. P. Paradis: None. E. Schiffrin: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.