Abstract P639: Attenuation of Renal Inner Medullary Circadian Clock Gene Expression in Response to High Salt Intake is Dependent on the Endothelin B Receptor
Our lab has recently shown that ETB deficient (ETB def) rats have a time of day dependent impairment in their ability to excrete a Na+ load. These observations suggest an interaction between renal ETB receptors and circadian mechanisms that regulate renal tubular Na+ transport and excretion. Given that knockout of the circadian clock gene Bmal1 reduces blood pressure in mice, we hypothesized that a high salt intake impairs the clock mechanism in the renal inner medulla in an ETB dependent manner. Transgenic control (Tg con) or ETB def rats were fed normal (NS, 0.8% NaCl) or high (HS, 4% NaCl) salt for two weeks. In one group, rats were euthanized every 4 hours beginning at zeitgeber time 0 (lights on) for tissue collection (and subsequent assessment of circadian clock genes), while in a second group of rats urine was collected in 12-hour intervals (active vs. inactive). Consistent with our hypothesis, we observed that HS abolished the normal oscillation in Bmal1 expression in the renal inner medulla of Tg con rats, and effect not observed in ETB def rats. Interestingly, renal production of ET-1, was significantly higher during the active period vs. inactive period in both NS (3.6±1.1 vs. 0.8±0.2 pg/12hr respectively) and HS (9.2±4.1 vs. 1.6±0.3 pg/12hr respectively) fed Tg con rats. There was no time-of-day-dependent difference in ET-1 excretion in ETB def rats on NS (6.6±2.2 vs. 4.6±1.7 pg/12hr respectively), although this pattern was restored in ETB def rats fed HS (2.2±1.0 vs. 9.2±2.5 pg/12hr inactive vs. active). Taken together, these data indicate that an increase in renal ET-1/ETB activation in response to HS modulates inner medullary clock gene expression to promote renal Na+ excretion.
Author Disclosures: J.S. Speed: None. K.A. Hyndman: None. M. Kasztan: None. J.G. Johnston: None. M.E. Young: None. J.S. Pollock: None. D.M. Pollock: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.