Interaction of vasopressin and prostaglandins through calcium ion in the renal circulation.
To determine whether the effects of arginine vasopressin (AVP) on the renal and systemic vessels are modulated by prostaglandins (PGs), AVP (10, 20, and 50 mU/kg/min) was infused into the renal artery before and after treatment with indomethacin (8 mg/kg) in anesthetized rabbits. Arginine vasopressin elicited a dose-dependent increase in systemic arterial pressure and renal vasoconstriction. However, after cessation of the infusion, significant renal vasodilation was observed. Indomethacin potentiated the systemic and renal vasoconstrictor actions and attenuated the renal vasodilator reaction induced by AVP. These results suggest that endogenously produced PGs buffer the vasoconstrictor action of AVP, and the renal vasodilator reaction induced by AVP could be mediated through PGs. Further, to investigate whether the effects of AVP on the systemic and renal vessels are mediated by calcium ion (Ca++), the Ca++ entry blocker nifedipine was used. Intravenous administration of nifedipine (50 micrograms/kg) attenuated the systemic and renal vasoconstrictor action of AVP. The renal vasodilator reaction induced by AVP was also diminished after treatment with nifedipine. These results indicate that the systemic and renal vasoconstrictor actions of AVP are mediated through Ca++ influx into the vascular smooth muscle cells. The present study suggests that Ca++ participates in the AVP-induced vasodilator reaction, itself probably mediated by PGs.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association