Loss of accommodation in sympathetic neurons from spontaneously hypertensive rats.
Synaptic transmission and membrane properties of sympathetic neurons in superior cervical ganglia of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY), and Sprague-Dawley rats (SD) were investigated in vitro by extracellular and intracellular recording. The sympathetic neurons of SHR showed an atypical loss of spike accommodation. The spike discharge was insensitive to the sodium channel blocker tetrodotoxin, but it was reversibly blocked by a variety of calcium antagonists. The loss of accommodation in the neurons of SHR was not due to a loss of M-current, a potassium current involved in controlling spike frequency adaptation in sympathetic neurons. Superfusion of ganglia of SHR with muscarine (10 microM), which suppresses M-current and leads to a loss of accommodation, potentiated the repetitive discharge. In the presence of muscarine the current-voltage curves in neurons of SHR and SD were shifted to similar extents. Resting membrane potentials of neurons of SHR and WKY were consistently depolarized as compared with neurons of SD. Synaptic efficacy through the ganglia of SHR, assessed by extracellular recordings of presynaptic and postsynaptic compound action potentials at 0.25 Hz stimulation, was elevated when compared with the ganglia of WKY, but was similar to that of the ganglia of SD. These results indicate that strain differences should be considered when attempting to attribute changes in sympathetic neuron membrane properties to hypertension. The sympathetic neurons of SHR appear to have lost their accommodative properties and might possess an exaggerated calcium conductance. This calcium conductance may explain the augmented calcium-dependent release of norepinephrine during sympathetic nerve stimulation in the SHR.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association