Calcium channel blockade with nitrendipine. Effects on sodium homeostasis, the renin-angiotensin system, and the sympathetic nervous system in humans.
To test the hypothesis that the antihypertensive effect of the calcium channel blocking drug nitrendipine is in part related to natriuresis, we gave 16 subjects (8 normal, 8 hypertensive) placebo for 8 days followed by nitrendipine titrated to 20 mg twice daily for 8 days. The same diet was prepared for each meal for the entire study. Sodium intake was fixed for each subject and averaged 150 mEq/day. All urine was collected every day. Blood was drawn at the end of the placebo and nitrendipine periods for renin, aldosterone, and norepinephrine values. Nitrendipine caused a significant increase (p less than 0.05) in cumulative sodium excretion of 161 mEq over 7 days in the normal subjects and 103 mEq in hypertensive subjects. Potassium excretion was unaffected. In both hypertensive and normal subjects, plasma renin and plasma norepinephrine activity increased significantly (p less than 0.05), while plasma aldosterone levels did not change. Upright systolic blood pressure decreased significantly (p less than 0.05) in both groups, whereas upright diastolic blood pressure decreased only in hypertensive subjects. We conclude that blood pressure lowering effects of this drug may be in part related to natriuresis and that calcium channel blockade may dissociate plasma renin activity from that of aldosterone.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association