Importance of chloride for deoxycorticosterone acetate-salt hypertension in the rat.
Selective dietary sodium loading (without chloride) fails to produce hypertension in the Dahl salt-sensitive rat. This study attempted to evaluate the effect of selective sodium loading on blood pressure in another NaCl-dependent model of hypertension--deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt hypertension. Three groups of uninephrectomized rats were studied for 32 days on one of the following regimens: (1) high NaCl diet plus DOCA, (2) high dietary sodium intake without chloride plus DOCA, and (3) high NaCl diet without DOCA. Both indirect and direct arterial pressure were higher (p less than 0.01) in the DOCA-NaCl group than in the other two groups. In the two DOCA-treated groups, net sodium and potassium balance and total carcass sodium and potassium content did not differ. In the DOCA-NaCl group, higher blood pressures were associated with a more positive chloride balance and total carcass chloride content (p less than 0.01), an expanded extracellular fluid volume (p less than 0.05), and increased renal vascular resistance (p less than 0.01). Higher renal vascular resistance in DOCA-NaCl animals suggests that chloride contributes to NaCl-induced vasoconstriction.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association