Systemic and coronary hemodynamic effects of pinacidil in awake normotensive and hypertensive dogs.
We studied the systemic and coronary hemodynamic effects of a new antihypertensive agent, pinacidil, in nine morphine-sedated chronically instrumented dogs with one-kidney renal hypertension and eight similarly treated sham-operated normotensive dogs. The renal hypertensive dogs exhibited higher mean aortic blood pressure, total peripheral vascular resistance, and plasma renin activity before pinacidil administration than the sham-operated animals. The renal hypertensive dogs also had a lower left ventricular norepinephrine content, but the two groups did not differ significantly in plasma norepinephrine levels, cardiac output, or heart rate. Pinacidil decreased mean aortic pressure and total peripheral vascular resistance and increased cardiac output and heart rate in both groups. The changes in aortic pressure, total peripheral vascular resistance, and cardiac output were similar between the two groups, but the increase in heart rate was attenuated in renal hypertension. The peak rate of rise of left ventricular pressure (dP/dt), the ratio of left ventricular dP/dt and the developed pressure during isovolumic contraction (dP/dt/P), myocardial oxygen consumption, and plasma norepinephrine levels increased after pinacidil administration in the sham-operated dogs, but did not change in the renal hypertension group. The two groups did not differ in their responses of left ventricular dP/dt to intravenous isoproterenol. Pinacidil also caused coronary vasodilation in both groups, as evidenced by an increase in coronary blood flow and decreases in coronary vascular resistance and myocardial oxygen extraction. The decrease in myocardial oxygen extraction was similar in the two groups, but the increase in coronary blood flow was significantly less (p less than 0.05), probably because of the absence of an increase in myocardial oxygen consumption in the renal hypertensive dogs.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association