Prevention of coronary vasodilator reserve decrement in spontaneously hypertensive rats.
Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) demonstrate an elevated minimal coronary vascular resistance by the seventh month of age. In an attempt to determine the role of long-standing hypertension in the etiological process of the elevated minimal coronary vascular resistance, we treated SHR and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) with the vasodilator hydralazine from the time of weaning (1 month) until they were 7 to 8 months of age. The animals were instrumented 24 hours after their last drug dose and then studied on the following day. Using microspheres we measured myocardial perfusion in conscious rats at rest and during maximal coronary dilation induced with dipyridamole infusion. Hydralazine maintained arterial blood pressures in the normotensive range throughout the experimental period, but had little effect on left ventricular weight/body weight ratios (control SHR = 2.95 +/- 0.07, treated SHR = 2.73 +/- 0.08, control WKY = 2.39 +/- 0.09, mean +/- SEM). In treated SHR, left ventricular minimal coronary vascular resistance (per 100 g of tissue) was markedly lower (0.10 +/- 0.01) than in the controls (0.16 +/- 0.01) and not significantly different from that of WKY (0.11 +/- 0.01). Similar differences were noted in the nonhypertrophic right ventricle (treated SHR = 0.08 +/- 0.01, control SHR = 0.16 +/- 0.01, control WKY = 0.10 +/- 0.01). Total minimal coronary vascular resistance was also lower in both ventricles of the treated SHR compared with their nontreated controls. In WKY, hydralazine treatment significantly reduced blood pressure and total minimal coronary vascular resistance (p less than 0.01).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association