Cardiac contractile and coronary flow reserves in deoxycorticosterone acetate-salt hypertensive rats.
Cardiac contractility and coronary flow were compared in conscious rats with established deoxycorticosterone acetate-salt hypertension and in those with sham treatment. The hypertensive rats showed a 32% increase in left ventricular/body weight ratio at 9 weeks of treatment and 42% at 18 weeks of treatment. Resting peak rate of change of pressure (dp/dt) was unchanged at 9 weeks and increased at 18 weeks in hypertensive rats, while isoproterenol-stimulated maximal, propranolol-induced minimal, and Ca2+-stimulated maximal peak dp/dt were greater at 18 weeks. These data indicate the preservation of contractile function. At 18 weeks, the beta-adrenergic receptor-mediated contractile reserve, estimated from isoproterenol-stimulated maximal and resting peak dp/dt, was reduced but the propranolol-induced decrease in peak dp/dt was increased in hypertensive rats compared with sham-treated rats. Thus, at this stage, a greater portion of the total contractile capacity appeared to be mobilized with prolongation of hypertension and progression of left ventricular hypertrophy. No differences were observed in left ventricular and right ventricular coronary flow (microspheres) and left ventricular inner/outer flow ratio at rest and with dipyridamole-induced maximal coronary dilatation, at 9 and 18 weeks. There were no alterations in left or right ventricular coronary flow reserves, as estimated from resting and dipyridamole-induced values. The minimal coronary vascular resistance (normalized for gram of tissue) of both the left and right ventricles was increased at either stage, which suggests the occurrence of structural coronary vascular changes. Thus, basal coronary flow and a coronary flow reserve were uncompromised despite evidence of structural coronary vascular alterations in these hypertensive rats.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association