Cardiac mass and peripheral vascular structure in hydralazine-treated spontaneously hypertensive rats.
We have examined the effect of antihypertensive treatment on heart weight and on structural and functional characteristics of isolated mesenteric resistance vessels (internal diameter 170-220 micron) in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and in Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY). The SHR and WKY were treated with hydralazine from the age of 4 weeks and were examined at ages 12 to 14 weeks and 23 to 27 weeks. Treated SHR had a mean blood pressure as much as 29% below that of control WKY, which in turn was 25 to 40% less than that of control SHR. In 12- to 14-week-old rats the heart to body weight ratio (which in control SHR was 13% greater than of WKY) was unaffected by treatment. Thereafter, the heart to body weight ratio of treated SHR did not increase as much as usual. At both ages, the media thickness and contractile response of the resistance vessels of the SHR (which were, respectively, 37% and 30% greater than those of vessels of WKY) were unaffected by treatment. However, because treatment caused a small (8%) increase in the lumen diameter of the vessels of the SHR, treatment did cause small, but possibly physiologically important, decreases both in the media to lumen ratio (11%) and in the pressure against which these vessels would have been able to contract (10%). Treatment had little effect on the pharmacological characteristics of vessels of either SHR or WKY. The results suggest that the increased heart weight, media thickness, and contractile response in mesenteric resistance vessels of SHR up to ages 23 to 27 weeks are due primarily to factors other than increased pressure.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association