Angiotensinogen levels in the brain and cerebrospinal fluid of the genetically hypertensive rat.
The present experiments were designed to document changes in the regional distribution of angiotensinogen in the rat brain with the development of hypertension in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) relative to age-matched normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY). Levels of angiotensinogen were measured in discrete brain nuclei and cerebrospinal fluid from rats at 4, 7, and 16 weeks of age and in cerebrospinal fluid obtained by cisternal puncture at 7 and 16 weeks. Age-dependent changes in angiotensinogen were found, with levels higher in both strains at 4 weeks of age compared with 7 or 16 weeks. In contrast, plasma levels of angiotensinogen were essentially the inverse of the brain levels, low at 4 weeks and higher at 7 and 16 weeks. Levels in a number of regions adjacent to the rostral third ventricle from the 4-week-old SHR (prehypertensive phase) were significantly elevated relative to the WKY (p less than 0.05), while levels in the amygdala and posterior hypothalamus were significantly lower in the SHR (p less than 0.05). In 7-week-old rats (evolving phase), levels in nine brain regions were significantly elevated in the SHR relative to the WKY and included the nucleus tractus solitarii (p less than 0.01). Unlike the prehypertensive and evolving phases, in 16-week-old rats (maintenance phase) only two brain areas, the nucleus of the diagonal band and the lateral hypothalamus, had significantly elevated levels in the SHR (p less than 0.05). Cerebrospinal fluid levels of angiotensinogen did not correlate well with brain levels of angiotensinogen.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association