Indapamide in the treatment of hypertension in non-insulin-dependent diabetes.
The antihypertensive effect of indapamide, a new thiazide derivative, has a low diuretic effect and a primary action on vascular smooth muscle. It was evaluated in a series of 20 patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes (age range 47-75 years) who had arterial hypertension of mild to moderate degree treated with hypoglycemic agents and/or diet. Indapamide, 2.5 mg, was given as a single daily dose for 6 months. A statistically significant reduction of systolic and diastolic pressures was observed in both supine and upright positions. This decrease was significant beginning in the first month of therapy (p less than 0.001). No significant modifications of fasting glycemia, postprandial glycemia, and glycosylated hemoglobin were noted. No significant changes were observed in serum sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium, and uric acid. Indapamide is an effective and practical treatment of hypertension of mild to moderate degree in patients with diabetes. The absence of effect on glucose metabolism makes it an especially interesting drug.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association