MicroRNA-210 Targets Ten-Eleven Translocation Methylcytosine Dioxygenase 1 and Suppresses Pregnancy-Mediated Adaptation of Large Conductance Ca2+-Activated K+ Channel Expression and Function in Ovine Uterine ArteriesNovelty and Significance
This article requires a subscription to view the full text. If you have a subscription you may use the login form below to view the article. Access to this article can also be purchased.
Gestational hypoxia inhibits large conductance Ca2+-activated K+ (BKCa) channel expression and function in uterine arterial adaptation to pregnancy. Given the findings that microRNA-210 (miR-210) is increased in hypoxia during gestation and preeclampsia, the present study sought to investigate the role of miR-210 in the regulation of BKCa channel adaptation in the uterine artery. Gestational hypoxia significantly increased uterine vascular resistance and blood pressure in pregnant sheep and upregulated miR-210 in uterine arteries. MiR-210 bound to ovine ten-eleven translocation methylcytosine dioxygenase 1 mRNA 3′ untranslated region and decreased ten-eleven translocation methylcytosine dioxygenase 1 mRNA and protein abundance in uterine arteries of pregnant sheep, as well as abrogated steroid hormone–induced upregulation of ten-eleven translocation methylcytosine dioxygenase 1 expression in uterine arteries of nonpregnant animals. In accordance, miR-210 blocked pregnancy- and steroid hormone–induced upregulation of BKCa channel β1 subunit expression in uterine arteries. Functionally, miR-210 suppressed BKCa channel current density in uterine arterial myocytes of pregnant sheep and inhibited steroid hormone–induced increases in BKCa channel currents in uterine arteries of nonpregnant animals. Blockade of endogenous miR-210 inhibited hypoxia-induced suppression of BKCa channel activity. In addition, miR-210 decreased BKCa channel–mediated relaxations and increased pressure-dependent myogenic tone of uterine arteries. Together, the results demonstrate that miR-210 plays an important role in the downregulation of ten-eleven translocation methylcytosine dioxygenase 1 and repression of BKCa channel function in uterine arteries, revealing a novel mechanism of epigenetic regulation in the maladaptation of uterine hemodynamics in gestational hypoxia and preeclampsia.
- Received June 14, 2017.
- Revision received June 19, 2017.
- Accepted June 26, 2017.
- © 2017 American Heart Association, Inc.