Associations of three erythrocyte cation transport systems with plasma lipids in Utah subjects.
To investigate the pathophysiology of essential hypertension, detailed biochemical and clinical variables were collected and analyzed for 2091 Utah subjects aged 3 to 83 years. Three different measurements of erythrocyte cation transport were obtained: Na+-Li+ countertransport, Li+-K+ cotransport, and furosemide-insensitive Li+ efflux into MgCl2. Total plasma cholesterol, triglycerides, and high density lipoprotein cholesterol levels were obtained from fasting subjects. Levels of high density lipoprotein subfractions 2 and 3 were also obtained from 350 subjects. Standardized data collection also included blood pressure, height, weight, and presence or absence of a diagnosis or treatment of essential hypertension. In univariate analyses of all 1420 adults, each of the three transport systems showed the same significant correlations with triglyceride levels (r = 0.33-0.35, p less than 0.0001), high density lipoprotein concentration (r = -0.19 to -0.21, p less than 0.001), and weight (r = 0.22-0.28, p less than 0.0001). In multivariate regression analyses, values for each transport system were significantly higher in hypertensive subjects; values for triglycerides, high density lipoprotein, and usually, the high density lipoprotein subfractions continued to have strong significant independent associations with all three transport systems; and weight remained significantly related only to Na+-Li+ countertransport. In separate logistic regressions, plasma triglyceride levels (positively, p less than 0.001) and high density lipoprotein subfraction 3 levels (inversely, p less than 0.03) were associated with hypertension itself. In multivariate analyses among 671 children, high density lipoprotein and high density lipoprotein subfraction 3 levels showed significant (p less than 0.05) inverse correlations with Na+-Li+ countertransport and furosemide-insensitive Li+ efflux.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association