Role of dopamine in the inhibition of vasopressin secretion by L-dopa in carbidopa-treated dogs.
Elevation of brain catecholamine levels by systemic administration of L-dopa in dogs pretreated with the dopa decarboxylase inhibitor carbidopa inhibits the secretion of vasopressin and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and decreases arterial blood pressure. The aim of the present study was to determine whether the inhibition of vasopressin secretion is mediated by dopamine or norepinephrine, both of which have been implicated in the control of vasopressin secretion, and whether the decrease in vasopressin secretion contributes to the suppression of ACTH secretion and fall in blood pressure produced by L-dopa. This was accomplished by comparing the effects of dopamine and alpha-adrenergic receptor antagonists on vasopressin, ACTH, and blood pressure responses to L-dopa. The effect of a specific antagonist of the vasoconstrictor action of vasopressin also was studied. Injection of L-dopa (20 mg/kg i.v.) in dogs pretreated with carbidopa (20 mg/kg i.v.) caused reductions in plasma vasopressin concentration (from 16.0 +/- 4.8 to 3.8 +/- 0.9 pg/ml; p less than 0.05), plasma ACTH concentration (from 96.0 +/- 20.4 to 49.2 +/- 10.0 pg/ml; p less than 0.05), and mean arterial pressure (from 121 +/- 6 to 78 +/- 5 mm Hg; p less than 0.05). Pretreatment with pimozide (1 mg/kg i.p.) completely blocked the inhibition of vasopressin secretion by L-dopa but failed to block the suppression of ACTH secretion (57.6 +/- 11.8 to 34.0 +/- 5.1 pg/ml; p less than 0.05) or the decrease in mean arterial pressure (126 +/- 5 to 93 +/- 7 mm Hg; p less than 0.05).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association