A case of adrenal tumor producing renin, aldosterone, and sex steroid hormones.
A 27-year-old woman with an adrenal tumor that produced renin and aldosterone, associated with hypertension and adrenogenital syndrome, is described. Severe hypertension, cardiomegaly, a low serum potassium level, clinical symptoms of adrenogenital syndrome, and a left upper abdominal tumor also were found. Endocrinological studies showed that plasma and urinary levels of sex steroid hormones such as dehydroepiandrosterone, androsterone, and testosterone were markedly increased. Plasma renin activity, plasma angiotensin II, and plasma aldosterone levels also were increased markedly, although deoxycorticosterone levels remained within the normal range. The possibility of renovascular hypertension was excluded by angiography of the renal artery and by venous sampling of plasma renin activity. Abnormal elevations in plasma aldosterone levels persisted despite normalization of plasma angiotensin II by converting enzyme inhibitor administration. It was suspected that this patient had an adrenal tumor producing renin as well as sex steroids and aldosterone. Microscopy of the resected tumor revealed that the tumor was composed mostly of cells with large nuclei and light cytoplasm. The tumor contained dehydroepiandrosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, testosterone, aldosterone, and renin. Immunohistochemical study showed that some of the tumor cells produced renin. Biopsy of the left renal tissue showed evident atrophy of the juxtaglomerular cells and pronounced arteriosclerosis. After resection of the tumor, all blood and urinary levels of the abnormally increased hormones returned to a normal range and an apparent fall of blood pressure was noted. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a renin and aldosterone-producing adrenal tumor associated with hypertension and adrenogenital syndrome.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association