Postsynaptic alpha 1- and alpha 2-adrenergic receptors in adrenergic control of capacitance vessel tone in vivo.
The involvement of postsynaptic alpha 2-adrenergic receptors in the adrenergic constriction of the capacitance vessels was studied in anesthetized, spontaneously breathing dogs under ganglionic blockade (hexamethonium, 10 mg/kg + 10 mg/kg/hr; methylatropine, 0.5 mg/kg). Effective vascular compliance was measured as an indicator of venous tone (blood volume was varied by +/- 4 ml/kg in an 11-minute cycle of infusion, withdrawal, withdrawal, and reinfusion) and was calculated from the correlation between the observed changes in central venous pressure and the changes in blood volume. Sympathetic activity and central venous pressure were lower and effective vascular compliance was higher than values in untreated conscious dogs. The alpha 2-agonist UK 14,304 (5-bromo-6-[imidazolin-2-ylamino]-quinoxaline; 0.04 and 0.12 micrograms/kg/min; n = 6) dose-dependently lowered compliance and increased central venous pressure to levels found in conscious dogs, as did the alpha 1-agonist methoxamine (10 and 30 micrograms/kg; n = 6). Rauwolscine (alpha 2-antagonist), 0.3 mg/kg, significantly attenuated the effects of UK 14,304, but not those of methoxamine, while prazosin (alpha 1-antagonist), 0.12 mg/kg, attenuated the effects of methoxamine, but not those of UK 14,304 (n = 6 each). Under beta-blockade (nadolol, 2 mg/kg; n = 12) venous tone was increased to about physiological levels by norepinephrine, 0.15 micrograms/kg/min i.v., or by neuronal norepinephrine release induced by tyramine, 10 micrograms/kg/min i.v. These increases were significantly attenuated by prazosin as well as by rauwolscine and were abolished by a combination of both. These results indicate that postsynaptic alpha 2-adrenergic receptors (in addition to alpha 1-adrenergic receptors) are functional in the venous system in vivo and contribute substantially to adrenergic sympathetic and humoral regulation of venous tone.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association