Brain corticotropin releasing factor in the spontaneously hypertensive rat.
Corticotropin releasing factor and vasopressin were measured in major brain regions including the neurohypophysis in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) during development of hypertension. The highest concentration of corticotropin releasing factor was found in the hypothalamus in both strains. Corticotropin releasing factor was decreased in most major brain regions of SHR. In the hypothalamus, corticotropin releasing factor was lower in 3- and 6-week-old SHR than in age-matched WKY (p less than 0.01), but was similar at 12 and 24 weeks of age. The content of corticotropin releasing factor did not differ in the neurohypophysis in 3-week-old rats but began to decrease at 6 weeks of age (p less than 0.01) and continued to decrease during the development of hypertension (p less than 0.01). Brain vasopressin concentration did not differ between SHR and WKY except in the hypothalamus. The level of hypothalamic vasopressin was consistently lower in SHR than in WKY (p less than 0.01). These peptides are thought to be associated with autonomic nervous regulation, and our results may further strengthen the possibility that the deficit of the peptides may be involved in the development of spontaneous hypertension.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association