Dietary calcium and blood pressure in National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys I and II.
It has recently been reported that a low intake of calcium may be a risk factor for hypertension. In view of the contradictory results, even when the same survey data base has been used by different researchers, an in-depth analysis was undertaken of the data provided by the two cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Both surveys, conducted in consecutive 4-year intervals during the 1970s, were designed to examine representative samples of the U.S. civilian noninstitutionalized population. The overall descriptive findings in relation to mean blood pressure and calcium intake were virtually identical in the two surveys. Based on "quantile" analysis, neither mean levels of blood pressure nor the prevalence of hypertension was related to calcium intake. Only among black men in NHANES I was a relationship between calcium intake and blood pressure noted. This finding was not apparent among black men in NHANES II or among any of the other sex-race groups in either survey. We conclude that the data of NHANES I and II do not show an association between low calcium intake and blood pressure.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association