An orally active inhibitor of renin.
A potent renin inhibitor, U-71038 (Boc-Pro-Phe-N-MeHis-Leu psi[CHOHCH2]Val-Ile-Amp), was tested for oral effectiveness. Enzyme kinetic studies indicated that U-71038 was a competitive inhibitor of hog renin with an inhibitor constant (Ki) value of 12 nM. Intravenous as well as oral administration of U-71038 to anesthetized, ganglion-blocked rats infused with hog renin elicited dose-related hypotensive responses. Intravenous administration of U-71038 to conscious, sodium-depleted monkeys caused dose-related decreases of blood pressure and plasma renin activity without affecting heart rate. Similarly, the oral administration of U-71038 at 50 mg/kg to conscious, sodium-depleted monkeys elicited a pronounced hypotension and decrease in plasma renin activity that persisted for 5 hours. The hypotensive responses elicited by intravenous and oral administration of U-71038 to hog renin-infused rats and sodium-depleted monkeys were shown to be due entirely to inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system. A comparison of the results obtained after the intravenous administration of U-71038 with the results obtained after the oral administration of U-71038 implied that at least 10% of the orally administered U-71038 must have been absorbed to cause the observed effects in hog renin-infused rats and sodium-depleted monkeys. The studies demonstrated that an inhibitor of renin with a long duration of action and with oral effectiveness is a feasible entity.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association