Platelet-activating factor stimulates prostaglandin synthesis in cultured cells.
The effects of platelet-activating factor (1-O-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine) on phospholipase activity were studied in aortic smooth muscle cells and renal epithelial cells. When platelet-activating factor was added to cells prelabeled with [3H]arachidonic acid, it induced rapid hydrolysis of phospholipids. Up to 28% of incorporated [3H]arachidonic acid was released into the medium from both aortic and renal cells. A transient rise of diacylglycerol was also seen after the addition of platelet-activating factor to these cells. The accumulation of diacylglycerol and monoacylglycerol was relatively small when compared with the total amount of released free arachidonic acid. The amount of [3H]arachidonic acid released was comparable to the loss of phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylinositol, and phosphatidylethanolamine, which indicates that platelet-activating factor stimulates phospholipase A2 and C activity in aortic smooth muscle cells and renal epithelial cells. Platelet-activating factor also enhanced prostaglandin biosynthesis in these cells.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association